The policy to state HOTS in Basic Competence (KD) of 2013 English curriculum and English teachers’ practice in developing indicator achievement

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(1)  Oikurema Purwati   
Universitas Negeri Surabaya

(2)  Ahmad Munir   
Universitas Negeri Surabaya

(3) * Gusti Nur Hafifah   
Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

(*) Corresponding Author


Higher order thinking skills (HOTS) are already a trend in educational sector. The concepts of HOTS are applied in statements of ‘basic competences’ (as known as KD) in the 2013 English Curriculum (syllabus). The purpose of stating HOTS concepts in ‘KD’ to make all of the process of teaching and learning resulted on the students’ ability to be able to think and practice higher order thinking skills in their daily life. As represented in the ‘basic competences’ (KD) of 2013 English curriculum (syllabus revised edition), HOTS can be considered as the significant point in developing indicator (as the objective) of teaching and learning. The development of indicators should be in line with the theory of HOTS, from analyzing, evaluating and creating (based on the revised Bloom taxonomy). However, there are a lot of English teachers who still get difficulties in developing appropriate teaching learning indicators in fulfilling HOTS concepts. In national practice, the policy of implementing HOTS as the basic competences may not be carried out fully by the Indonesian English teachers. There is also a tendency to ignore the discussion of developing appropriate indicator achievement as the learning objectives.


  • Curriculum developers should comprehend the concepts of the curriculum and the language theories applied to the curriculum.

  • Basic competence should be developed following the level of Bloom's cognitive skills, particularly to generate students' higher-order thinking.

  • Implementation of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) as a policy in the 2013 English Curriculum Basic Competencies (KD) and English teachers' practices in developing competency achievement indicators


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How to Cite
Purwati, O., Munir, A., & Hafifah, G. N. (2022). The policy to state HOTS in Basic Competence (KD) of 2013 English curriculum and English teachers’ practice in developing indicator achievement. JEES (Journal of English Educators Society), 7(2), 154-162.
Author Biographies

Oikurema Purwati, Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Oikurema Purwati is an associate professor at Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia. She is interested in ELT and English education curriculum policies in Indonesia.

Ahmad Munir, Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Ahmad Munir, S.Pd., M.Ed., Ph.D., is a lecturer at Surabaya State University. He teaches various courses related to ELTs. He also conducts a lot of research and publishes his articles in reputable international journals.

Gusti Nur Hafifah, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Gusti Nur HAFIFAH, M.Pd. is an assistant professor at English Department, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya. She is a Doctor of English Language Teaching from Universitas Negeri Malang. Her research interests are in ICT in ELT, Teacher Professional Development, TESOL Method and Strategy, Curriculum and Material Development. She has published some articles related to ICT in ELT national and international indexes and presented her papers to some international conferences of ELT. She has involved in Teachers Professional Development program to enhance teachers’ capacity in ELT strategy and method and ICT integration for language teaching.


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