Professional development as viewed by EFL teachers at lower secondary schools

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(1) * Sri Rachmajanti   
Universitas Negeri Malang

(2)  Gunadi Harry Sulistyo   
Universitas Negeri Malang

(3)  Fika Megawati   
English Language Education, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo

(4)  Ayu Alif Nur Maharani Akbar   
Universitas Negeri Malang

(*) Corresponding Author


In the developed world, teachers are compelled to be professional in handling instructional process for students’ optimum learning. There are many ways for teacher professionalism. This study deals with an exploratory survey to probe EFL teachers’ views of teacher professionalism at the public and private lower secondary levels of education on the areas for professional development or learning. A number of  302 EFL teachers of the lower secondary level of education are conveniently drawn from a number of cities/regencies as samples of the present study representing EFL teachers with diverse teaching experiences in East Java. A questionnaire was developed to collect data on their ideas connected with aspects of developing themselves professionally. The results of the present study are discussed pertaining  to EFL teacher normative responsibilities and concepts on professional development/learning. Pedagogical and theoretical implications of the findings are drawn with reference to the context of English instruction.


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How to Cite
Rachmajanti, S., Sulistyo, G. H., Megawati, F., & Akbar, A. A. N. M. (2020). Professional development as viewed by EFL teachers at lower secondary schools. JEES (Journal of English Educators Society), 5(2), 205-212.
Author Biographies

Sri Rachmajanti, Universitas Negeri Malang

Prof. Dr. Sri Rachmajanti, Dip. TESL., M.Pd. is a professor at Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia. In 2011 she obtained the government grant to be a visiting scholar in University of Pittsburgh, USA to survey laboratory schools as bench marking. Since 2009 she has devoted her career in managing the university-based laboratory schools. In 2018 she was granted by IsDB to be a visiting scholar at Monash University in Australia. She has been involved in research projects focusing on pedagogical matters and continuous professional learning of ELT teachers.

Gunadi Harry Sulistyo, Universitas Negeri Malang

Prof. Dr. Gunadi Harry Sulistyo, M.A. is a professor at Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia. His areas of academic interests include Language (English) Learning Assessment, ELT Research Methodology, Research Statistics in ELT, ELT Writing, and ELT. In 2019 he was granted by IsDB to be a visiting scholar at Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan. He has been conducting a number of ELT-related research projects such as continuous professional learning of ELT teachers, EFL instructional materials development, as well as community social services on ELT to a number of ELT teacher communities.

Fika Megawati, English Language Education, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo

Fika Megawati obtained her master degree in ELT from Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia. Her professional experiences include being an English lecturer in Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo. She has been involved in research projects focusing on Continuous Professional Development for ELT teachers and pre-service teachers. 


Ayu Alif Nur Maharani Akbar, Universitas Negeri Malang

Ayu Alif Nur Maharani Akbar obtained her master degree in ELT from Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia. Her professional experiences include being a pre-school English teacher in First Step to English, Malang and being Support Service Academic of Cambridge Centre ID110 Yayasan BPLP Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang. She has been involved in research projects focusing on Language (English) Learning Assessment, English for Young Learners, Second Language Acquisition, and Continuous Professional Development for ELT teachers



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