Interactive and interactional metadiscourse markers in research articles of Indonesian expert writers

Main Article Content

(1)  Dian Kustyasari    
Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Negeri Malang

(2) * Yazid Basthomi   
Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Negeri Malang

(3)  Mirjam Anugerahwati   
Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Negeri Malang

(*) Corresponding Author


Academic writing articles serve as the medium of communication among scholars to share knowledge and new inquiries and are made in such a way that the idea they deliver is both understandable and accepted. One essential action to accomplish this is by employing metadiscourse markers. Metadiscourse is viewed as an essential element of credible written texts created by students of ESL and native speakers, by which the intelligibility of communication in research articles can be accomplished through suitable discipline conscience, norms, and belief to track the writers’ pathway to academic promotions. Therefore, employing descriptive qualitative approach, this study aims at investigating the utilization of interpersonal metadiscourse markers and their functions in academic writing. Analysing discussion section of research articles written by Indonesian expert writers, the results show that the metadiscourse markers in the articles are found to be similar to the commonly used markers among academic community, including interactive and interactional markers. Moreover, the employment of markers in the articles reveal the functions of them to indicate relation between sentences, involvement of readers, existence of example, limitation of commitment to propositions, emphasis on general practice and certainty, and reference to the writer.


  • The appropriate utilization of interactive and interactional metadiscourse markers in research articles indicates the international norm of academic writing. 

  • The Indonesian expert writer articles fulfill the intelligibility of communication in international research articles. 

  • The writing course in the universities needs to emphasize the essential functions of metadiscourse markers.


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How to Cite
Kustyasari , D., Basthomi, Y., & Anugerahwati, M. (2021). Interactive and interactional metadiscourse markers in research articles of Indonesian expert writers. JEES (Journal of English Educators Society), 6(1), 90-95.
Author Biographies

Dian Kustyasari , Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Negeri Malang

Dian Kustyasari is an English tutor at Azet Language Centre, Malang, Indonesia since 2010 and from 2016 has been the academic coordinator of this institution. She is responsible for the material development and teacher training in her workplace. She has been a freelancer as proofreader, editor and translator. Starting her Bachelor education in English Language and Literature at Universitas Negeri Malang in 2006, she pursued her master degree in the same university in 2014. Her main research interests are Syntax, Sociolinguistics and Pragmatics. She also has composed some articles in the area of TEFL and English tests such as IELTS and TOEFL. 

Yazid Basthomi, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Negeri Malang

Yazid Basthomi is a faculty member at the Department of English, Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang,Indonesia. A Fulbrighter, he spent a stint of pre-doctoral research at the English Language Institute, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, USA. His educational backgrounds and research interests have led him to work in the area of applied linguistics leading to his professorship. In addition to his tenure in the alma mater, he was also once appointed Adjunct Lecturer at the University of New England, Australia, with the main job of co-supervising a PhD thesis writing. In 2019, he was a visiting professor at Linnaeus University, Sweden, sponsored by ERASMUS+. Since recently, he has also been co-supervising two PhD students at Charles Darwin University, Australia.

Mirjam Anugerahwati, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Negeri Malang

Mirjam Anugerahwati is an Associate Professor at the Department of English, State University of Malang, where she has been teaching since 1990. She earned her Master’s Degree from the University of Queensland, Australia, and her Doctoral Degree from Universitas Negeri Malang. Her main research interests are TEFL, Teacher Professional Development, CCU, and character building. She is actively involved in teacher training and workshops throughout Indonesia. She has written modules for the Open University, published research articles in scientific journals, and presented papers in National and International conferences. Currently, she is the head of the CAIE Centre in Universitas Negeri Malang.


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