A home-based intervention towards preschoolers’ EFL sentence development

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(1) * Dwijani Ratnadewi   
Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

(2)  Armeria Wijaya   
Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

(*) Corresponding Author


Research has shown that the initial few years of children’s lives are the best times for language to develop at a rapid pace, the first language (L1) or a foreign language (FL) may be acquired these times. Researches on preschoolers FL acquisition with home-based intervention (HBI) have not been studied extensively under the L1 environment. This study aims to examine the results of HBI on the development of the acquisition of Indonesian preschoolers’ English as a Foreign Language (EFL) sentences. This research is a case study with naturalistic observation design, where data were obtained from logbooks and interview. The research subjects were 2 preschoolers about 36 months. The study’s duration was 24 months from the 13th until the 36th month with HBI, namely parents-based and authentic/semi authentic-media intervention. The data were the children’s English sentences taken at 24th to 36th months at their own homes. The Owens’ acquisition of sentence forms measured the English sentences’ development of in the respondents’ conversation and self-narration. This research found that at about 36th month, these Indonesian preschoolers were able to communicate in English in various sentences such as declarative, negative, interrogative, imperative, embedded and conjoining.


  • Simultaneous foreign language learning and first language acquisition for children is tangible advantage.

  • Authentic input and active interaction act as the language environment substitute in foreign language learning.

  • Intensive learning makes preschoolers speak a foreign language earlier.


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How to Cite
Ratnadewi, D., & Wijaya, A. (2021). A home-based intervention towards preschoolers’ EFL sentence development. JEES (Journal of English Educators Society), 6(1), 35-41. https://doi.org/10.21070/jees.v6i1.779
Author Biographies

Dwijani Ratnadewi, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

She was born in Malang, 5 Januari 1958. She graduated from Post Graduate Study (S3) of State University of Surabaya, Indonesia in 2012. She teaches the undergraduate of English Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, and the Graduate Program of the University of Muhammadiyah Surabaya. She teaches fields such as Psycholinguistics, English for Young Learners, Discourse Analysis and Academic Writing. She is now responsible to the Journal of English Education Department TELL in the same faculty as Chief Editor.

Armeria Wijaya, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

She was born in Curup, May 3, 1988. She holds master degree (M.Pd.) on English Education and Literature from State University of Surabaya in 2013 before teaching in English Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of Muhammadiyah University of Surabaya. Psycholinguistics, Sociolinguistics, English Phonetics and Phonology, English Pronunciation, and Academic Writing are subjects she teaches. She has been part of editorial team of Journal of English Education Department (TELL).



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